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Co znamenají zvýšené bílé krvinky?

3. prosinec 2013

Bílé krvinky jsou důležitými krevními buňkami, které mají za cíl bránit lidský organismus proti bakteriím a virům. Pokud je jejich množství v těle příliš nízké, tělo se nedokáže vypořádat s nemocemi. Mnohdy však nastává opačný problém, kdy je bílých krvinek v krvi příliš mnoho. Co tento jev znamená a co se s ním dá dělat, pokud je to vůbec zapotřebí?

Reklama
Zdroj: wikipedia.orgZdroj: wikipedia.org

Co jsou bílé krvinky

Bílé krvinky, odborně nazývané leukocyty, jsou krevní buňky, které jsou součástí imunitního systému organismu.

Imunitní systém slouží ke kontrole pronikání cizích částic, zejména bakterií a dalších mikroorganismů, do těla. Pokud je imunitní systém v pořádku a tím pádem i počet bílých krvinek, je organismus zdravý.

Jakmile se do těla dostane nějaký vir či bakterie, imunitní systém reaguje tak, že dojde ke zvýšení počtu bílých krvinek, které pak s tímto virem či bakterií bojují.

Co znamená zvýšený počet leukocytů

Organismus reaguje na infekci tím, že dojde ke zvýšení hladiny bílých krvinek – leukocytů. Vyšší naměření množství se objevuje například u nemocí, jako jsou angína, zápal plic atp. Dále dochází ke zvýšení leukocytů také v situacích, kdy se zraníte, jste po operaci, případně v době, kdy máte mononukleózu.

Odborně se zvýšení počtu bílých krvinek nazývá leukocytóza. Při nemoci a vyšetření dochází ke zjištění počtu bílých krvinek, díky čemuž je následně zjišťován původ infekce. Poté lze lépe aplikovat léčbu.

Jak se tělo po nemoci uzdravuje, dochází k vyrovnání a stabilizaci počtu bílých krvinek. Laicky řečeno se to dá vyjasnit tak, že bílé krvinky pomohly zničit infekci a viry, které ji způsobily a opět se stahují, neboť jichž již není zapotřebí tak velké množství.

Autor: Roman Beneš

Autor se věnuje redaktorské činnosti a psaní článků. Pravidelně připívá na weby, které se věnují tématice bydlení a financí. Profil zde: Google+

Reklama

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